Become an Informed Patient
If you have recently been diagnosed with cancer, you will have many decisions to make. It is extremely important to be well informed when making treatment decisions. Take charge of your life and empower yourself. Here, we have gathered information about the more common types of cancer and treatment options conventionally used to treat each disease. For some cancers, a treatment plan may include a combination of different treatments such as surgery followed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. The appropriate treatment for you will be determined by your age, the stage of the cancer, the aggressiveness of the disease, other health conditions you may have, as well as your treatment preferences.
After consulting with your medical team and your family, YOU get to select the treatment option that is best for you. As a guiding principle, you should select a treatment plan that is appropriate for your stage of disease, minimizes side effects, offers you the best chance for cure or controlling the cancer, and quality of life after treatment.
There are five basic types of treatment for cancer: surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy and biotherapy (or immunotherapy). These treatment options may be used alone or in combination with other treatment options. Ask your doctor for information on the benefits of each treatment option or offered strategy for your type of cancer, as well as its side effects.
• Chemotherapy – Medications that reduce cancer growth and spread
• Radiotherapy – Internally or externally delivered radiation to inhibit cancer cell reproduction
• Surgery – Removal of cancerous tumors and other obstructions
• Hormone Therapy – Aiding or limiting the presence or activity of hormones to control cancer growth
• Immunotherapy or Biotherapy – Aiding the body’s own immune system to affect cancer cells